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Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

Abstract

Introduction. The article is devoted to analyses of the most important Kinds of Phraseologisms, their way of formation and function, and linguistic connection with European language groups. The formation of a holistic meaning based on the semantic shift of the entire component composition of a phraseological unit is a common feature of phraseological unity. The syntactic structure of these phraseological units can have several varieties, among which the phrase is especially typical. Research methods. However, the demotivation of phraseological unity does not affect either its expressiveness or its functional and stylistic affiliation. The meaning of such units, formed on the basis of a rethinking of a variable word combination, has absolute expressiveness, i.e. it is expressive regardless of the context. It exists in connection with the given material composition of the phraseological unit also in the case when that figurative core, which served as the basis for the motivation of phraseological units, gradually weakens and darkens. Consequently, the sound composition of demotivated phraseological units (idioms) is perceived by the speaker as a certain verbal complex, which has a traditionally fixed meaning, expressiveness and functional and stylistic affiliation. Results and discussions. The productive nature of paired phraseological units is confirmed by the presence of a number of productive structural types. The productivity of this group of phraseology is supported by such phenomena as active phraseological derivation based on paired combinations, parallel formations in various parts of speech, the presence of a reserve of variable-stable paired combinations, the use of paired phraseological units in the literary-colloquial sphere of communication, the press and journalism. Mutual correlation, comparison and opposition of units, categories, categories and other linguistic phenomena acts as a prerequisite for the characteristics of each of them, the establishment of essential formal and semantic the connections between them and the constitution of the systems, subsystems and microsystems that unite them. By the system we mean the general phraseological fund of the language, the subsystem, as part of this fund, is represented in our understanding of proverbs and sayings, and the microsystem is the proverbs and sayings with animalisms. Conclusion. For common nouns, this function does not act in isolation from other functions - the context of the phraseological unit also takes into account encyclopedic information about the denotation, for example: know, cat, your basket; every cricket knows yours six. This once again indicates that in the real process of phrase formation, as a rule, several functions interact, one of which plays a major role.

First Page

47

Last Page

56

DOI

10.52297/2181-1466/2021/5/4/4

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