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Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

Abstract

Introduction. The article discusses the essence and main new trends of the regional foreign policy of Uzbekistan in modern conditions. New trends in regional cooperation in the foreign policy of Uzbekistan revealed from the second half of 2016. Based on the analysis of the works of Uzbek political scientists, researchers, as well as specialists, the continuity of forms, methods, and mechanisms for ensuring stability in the Central Asian region is analyzed. The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev in his Address to the Oliy Majlis on December 29, 2020, noted that in the face of today's complex geopolitical processes, the coronavirus pandemic and the global economic crisis, Uzbekistan is actively pursuing an open and pragmatic foreign policy. He noted that as a result of our efforts, the prestige of the country is growing, and priorities for the implementation of foreign policy for 2021 have been outlined. Research methods. The article uses systematization, comparative, problem-chronological scientific research. Results and discussions. The foreign policy of Uzbekistan is, first of all, a course aimed at ensuring vital tasks, primarily for the state and society. Uzbekistan's foreign policy strategy is primarily aimed at ensuring integration into the world community. The deepening of the country's integration into the world community in the current difficult conditions of international relations is an important task facing the foreign policy of Uzbekistan. The conceptual idea of foreign policy and foreign policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the indivisibility of security and joint and partnership actions to ensure it. The problem of national and regional security occupies an important place in Uzbekistan's foreign policy. One of the main tasks in the foreign policy of Uzbekistan was the formation of a system of regional security, which is necessary both for the republics of Central Asia and for the vast geographical area bordering the region. Another advanced idea for Uzbekistan's foreign policy is the postulate that the problems of the Central Asian region should be solved without the intervention of external forces and only by the countries of the region. Given all this, the cornerstone of Uzbekistan's foreign policy remains the non-use of force and the threat of force, and the maintenance and observance of peace. The article examines the changes occurring in the foreign policy of Uzbekistan, their regulatory consolidation, guidelines for the short, medium and long-term perspective, and on the basis of this, a number of scientific conclusions and practical recommendations are given. Conclusion. The article shows that in a historically short period of time, the Republic of Uzbekistan has done decades of work to establish and develop international relations. Uzbekistan is known throughout the world for its peace-loving, good-neighborly policy and mutually beneficial cooperation, has taken its rightful place in the world community, and its position is strengthening year by year. The foreign policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan is of great importance for the strengthening of its national independence, political and economic freedom, sovereignty and the successful solution of acute socio-political problems. Uzbekistan's nearly thirty years of experience in international relations show that pursuing an independent foreign policy, defining the direction and priorities of interstate relations, its further development, stabilization of the principles of peaceful coexistence, equal relations and mutually beneficial cooperation, solving small and foreign problems.

First Page

131

Last Page

140

DOI

10.52297/2181-1466/2021/5/4/12

References

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11. The concept of Foreign Policy of the Republic of Uzbekistan]. Bulletin of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan. - Toshkent, 2012. - № 9/1 (1437). –P.239. (In Uzbek)

12. [Address by the Acting President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the opening ceremony of the 43rd session of the Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation]. Available at: https://president.uz/uz/lists/view/34

13. Address by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the international conference on Afghanistan «Peace process, security cooperation and regional connectivity». Available at: https://president.uz/uz/lists/view/1601

14. President Shavkat Mirziyoyev addressed the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly]. Available at: https://president.uz/uz/lists/view/1063

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16. Address by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev at the meeting on the activities of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the embassies of our country in abroad. Available at: https://president.uz/uz/lists/view/1423

17. Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan "On the strategy for further development of the Republic of Uzbekistan".

18. Speech by Sh. Mirziyoyev at the inauguration of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan at a joint meeting of the chambers of the Oliy Majlis on 12/14/2016.

19. //http://www.jahonnews.uz/ru/aktualno/124/37640/11.08.2017. See.: Central Asia is the main priority of foreign policy of Uzbekistan.

20. [Speech by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirziyoyev at the international conference “Central Asia: one past and a common future, cooperation for sustainable development and mutual prosperity” in Samarkand 11.11.2017]

21. [See.: Speech by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan Sh. Mirziyoyev at the international conference “Central Asia: one past and a common future, cooperation for sustainable development and mutual prosperity” in Samarkand 11.11.2017]

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23. [See.: The Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On ratification of the Treaty between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan on the area of the junction of the state borders of the three states (Samarkand, 11/09/2017).”LRU №-465 04/02/2018.]

24. [See.: The Law of the Republic of Uzbekistan “On ratification of the Treaty between the Republic of Uzbekistan and the Republic of Tajikistan on individual sections of the Uzbek-Tajik state border (Dushanbe, 03/09/2018).” LRU №-481. 07/03/2018/]

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