Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Introduction. Uzbek and English people live in different continents, however the similarity in subjects, classification and representation of heroes can be observed in their folklore. Fairy tales, myths, legends, epics reflect the lifestyle, culture, beliefs and worldview of each nation. They embody national aspects for sure. National identities are reflected in images of protagonists and helpers in any genre of folklore. Research methods. Awareness of other cultures demands investigations in many spheres, including literature and folklore. Comparative-typological and historical-comparative analysis of the image of epic helper are the main methods used in our research. Results and discussions. The image of the patron saint heroes is rooted in pre-Islamic. They are based on ancient animistic, totemic, and shamanistic religious-mythological concepts. In folklore, whether it is a fairy tale or a saga, there are a number of characters who are close companions of the protagonist, who share his work and heroism to some extent, and this type of hero requires a special name. Hence, the names “epic helper” and “epic sponsor” are used for them. In English folklore fairy godmothers, talking animals such as horse, fox or bird serve as helpers. In Uzbek folk tales and epics, animals such as horses, wolves, lions, monkeys, tigers, snakes, foxes and rams are often interpreted as patrons and helpers as having magical properties. Since the ancients imagined rivers and seas, mountains, deserts and forests as places where spirits could find a place, the epic helper also suddenly encounters the protagonist directly in such places. Conclusion. Helpers can be identified in almost all fairytales throughout the world. They may have different characteristics, specific features as they belong to different nations. However, the motif is similar ―to give support, advice or a hand to people in need. Helpers in English and Uzbek folklore can be divided into similar types. Heroes, as well as helpers in folk tales embody national aspects and national identities of culture they belong to.

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