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Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

Abstract

Background. This article examines lexicography - a separate science that includes theoretical lexicography with its own theory, and since there is a theory, then there is practice, that is, practical lexicography. Lexicographic research combines both theoretical and practical aspects. The creation of innovative models of theoretical linguistic conclusions for new practical lexicographic products is the main task of lexicographic research. As a mirror reflecting the development of civilizations, the state and level of the people, relations in society, the development of scientifically progressive or orthodox thought, the dictionary covers a variety of fields of science and technology: from interpretation and semantic explanation of a word, to correct spelling and translation from one language to another. Materials and methods. At this time, in all spheres of linguistics, in particular, actively developing lexicography, disputes are held on the topic of new and old methods of lexicographic "cultures". And this is natural. In the era of globalization and technological progress, new requirements are imposed on science and its industries, of course, when choosing a new method, approach, idea, it will be necessary to confirm its superiority and advantage over the previous ones, the practical result will be assessed in terms of efficiency and implementation in the linguistic society. The above dictionaries are educational material or an object for studying theoretical lexicography as a science, and lexicography as a theory deals with theoretical issues of compiling a dictionary, the history of lexicography, a description of existing (created) dictionaries. Results. The development of information and communication technologies of the XXI century, total globalization led to the creation of online dictionaries, which allowed the modern word to fully preserve its essence. Only online dictionaries keep up with the times and have the ability to track everything that happens in the language. We all know that philology is inextricably linked with psychology, with such psychological categories as the perception of a word and its understanding. These categories also play an important role both in dictionaries and in the choice of words for dictionaries. Conclusions. So, based on the above, it is necessary to distinguish between lexicography (theoretical lexicography) and dictionary compilation, (practical lexicography), and the lexicographer-scientist and compiler of the dictionary. In most cases, the lexicographer and dictionary compiler are rarely in the same person

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