Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Abstract. As you know, the semantic and functional types of Uzbek anthroponymy are the names of people, surnames, patronymics and nicknames. The creator of a fictional work applies overwhelming number of concepts in terms of anthroponomy. Nicknames play a particularly significant role in representing the stylistic aspects of the work. In addition, nicknames also perform functional tasks. The author carries out their transition from the appellative level to the onomastic level. The article provides a linguistic analysis of the nicknames presented in the stories of Abdullah Kahhar. We will briefly focus on the anthroponymic units of onomastics of the Uzbek language, as well as consider a broad approach to the classification of nicknames in the stories of the writer and provide information about the motives put forward in them. Research methods. The proper names are one of the important sources that provide information about the people's prison, economic activity and past. The famous horses used by the Uzbek Writers in the works are also considered to be a means of revealing different aspects of people's life. Having scientific and theoretical knowledge about the horses used in the works contributes to understanding the purpose of the writer, the essence of the work. Because the history, past, present and future of the people are reflected in these cultural sources. Therefore, in this article, the linguistic analysis of nicknames encountered in the stories of Abdulla Kahhar used linguistic observation and characterization, comparative-historical, historical-biographical, historical-cultural techniques in the study of the onomastics of artistic works, determination of the semantics and legalization properties of artistic onoms, separation of onomastic units. Results and discussions. The nicknames given to the heroes of the following stories by Abdulla Kahhar were received as an objekt of the study: “Mirza” (“Reliable secretary”), “Prophecy” ("Sahibkiran Said Jalalkhani", blind Shermat), “The extinct volcano”(“Extinct volcano”), "who is at fault?” (“Turondot”), “The wife who did not eat raisins” (master Mavlon), “The Headless Man” (Master Abdurahman, Rozik shoe-maker), “Maston” (Abdurazzak), “Spectator”(Master Khamrakul), “The pomegranate” (Shokirkhuja, mulla Qazi), “The thief” (Egamberdi cotton seller), “Asrurbobo” (master Mumin), “The horror” (master Alimbek dodkho, Ascarponsat), “The bed” (Nasibali Otbagar), “The wives” (Sangin Korbashi). Below are the results and feedback on the analysis of nicknames in this work. Conclusion. It became known that almost all these nicknames come across in the writer's stories when Abdulla divides the original and relative nicknames in the classification of nicknames in the stories of Kahhor. Including similar nicknames, which fall into the ranks of original and relative nicknamesatma nicknames, religious-meaning nicknames, nicknames that represent the profession, nicknames that denote the action-rank, nicknames that indicate the shortcomings in the members of the person are considered among the nicknames chosen for the heroes of the story. These nicknames are given before or after the name of the hero on the basis of certain signs of the heroes. In some cases, nicknames were used in place of the hero's name

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