Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Introduction. Medical linguistic units are considered to be non-separable parts of medical terminology. The study of medical euphemism as a medical linguistic unit is an urgent linguistic problem, since in recent decades the process of the formation of euphemisms has been proceeding with particular intensity. This is explained by the fact that at present one of the most important factors contributing to the formation of euphemisms and their consolidation in the language is their ability to be a powerful means of forming new social attitudes, and medical euphemisms are extremely widespread in socially significant spheres of medical speech activity. Research methods. Euphemia is a complex linguistic, social and cognitive phenomenon. It is advisable to consider it not only in lexical and morphological terms, but also in comparative, linguocultural, sociolinguistic, semantic and functional-pragmatic aspects. Studies devoted to the processes of euphemization are available in lexicology, sociolinguistics, pragmalinguistics. The lexico-morphological approach allows us to highlight the problem of the formation of euphemisms, to build models of different types of euphemisms. Results and discussions. The study of the national originality of the linguistic picture of the world and the medical speech behavior of speakers of various languages is an urgent task of modern linguistics. This problem has become the focus of such linguistic disciplines as cultural linguistics, ethnopsycho-linguistics, linguistic studies, ethnography of speech. Conclusion. In the work, attention was paid to various aspects: studies were studied on the topic of medical euphemisms in general and euphemisms of medical origin in particular; we presented an analysis of lexical-semantic features of medical vocabulary outside the professional sphere.

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