Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Abstract. In the article had been noted the harmony, stability and reflection of language and culture in the educational vocabulary. In order to teach the native language and inculcate the national and spiritual values and culture of the Uzbek people passed down from generation to generation to the younger generation, the role of dictionaries is very important. The creation of educational dictionaries with a history of several thousand years still remains an urgent task in the XXI century. It is not secret that in developed countries, the focus on the intellectual and spiritual upbringing of a person, the development of thinking, the development of the ability to freely express the product of thought is controlled from an early age. Creating conditions for the development of every child as an individual, ensuring the need for quality education has become one of the priorities of state policy of our country. Although educational lexicography is the oldest branch of lexicography, it theoretically emerged as a separate new branch of linguistics only in the 70s and 80s of the twentieth century. In several developed countries of the world, including the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, France, the United States, Russia, the development of this industry has become a matter of national importance. Each country, each language had created its own lexicographic traditions. It was scientifically substantiated that the first dictionaries were ancient school manuals, created for educational purposes, and later dictionaries became a separate genre, away from educational literature and textbooks. Today, educational dictionaries play an important role in the formation of not only linguistic and communicative competencies, but also lingua cultural, lingua spiritual, ethnolinguistic competencies in students. The lack of purely lingua cultural dictionaries in the Uzbek educational lexicography, which are maximally adapted to the educational process, hinders the full implementation of the important social tasks of nature language education. In recent years, on the basis of the achievements of world educational lexicography, the first samples of the new generation of dictionaries for the lower levels of continuing education in the Uzbek language, in particular, for preschool children and primary school students. Discussion. Due to language, the culture and traditions of nations and peoples are preserved. From an early age, children are taught the lexical level, grammatical structure, scientific norms of the native language, as well as the culture, customs, rituals, nature and other aspects of the nation, and the survival of the nation through language. Conclusion. Creating alternative lingua didactic models of Uzbek languages is becoming important, counting requirements such as a dictionary should be anthropocentric oriented to educate communicative active, physically and mentally healthy generation.

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