Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Abstract. It is known that descriptive phonetics refers to phonetic phenomena such as speech sounds, their formation, types, changes, syllables, intonation, pause, stress, and their peculiarities. These phenomena recorded in the process of speech combine into a single system and form a speech act. This article discusses and comparatively analyzes stylistic features of intonation in the English and Uzbek languages. Background. Therefore, in the analysis and study of such phenomena, it is necessary to study them separately, and to keep in mind that these phenomena require one another, in other words, units that cannot exist without the other. Particularly, vowel sounds, which are stressed, form a syllable, and words are formed from the syllables, a sentence is formed from words, and each word and sentence is pronounced with a specific intonation and pause. In the formation of such a speech chain, the phonetic segment (main part) and supersegment (additional parts) elements are almost identically involved. But they also have some peculiarities while using them. Methods. Segment elements include speech sounds, syllables, words, and so on. Supersegment elements are intonation, pause, emphasis. The components of intonation are logical and phrase (syntagma) stress. Such stresses vary the speed of speech, the process of its pronunciation. Apparently, intonation is probably closely related to accentuation. In this scientific research the study of the stylistic features related to accentuation in speech is analyzed as a part of intonation. Results. In some works, however, the exact pronunciation of foreign language words is used to express the spirit of that period in the speech of the characters. As noted above, one of the supersegment elements in speech is the pause, which is to some extent related to intonation. But a pause has logical-grammatical and stylistic possibilities because it is an experience associated with the cessation, interruption of the flow of speech with different goals and tasks, and the feeling that realizes a more subjective relationship. It is used for physiological and psychological reasons, for the purpose of distinguishing pronunciation of sentences and syntagma, as well as for enumerating organized parts to emphasize separated parts. Now, if we think about direct syllabic, it is close to the truth to say that syllabic can be not only a segment but also a supersegment (aspects related to pronunciation) from a stylistic point of view. Because in order to realistically reflect the connotative meaning associated with the pronunciation of certain words, they are pronounced and written in syllables. Conclusion. Thus, the use of intonation in Uzbek and English literary works can serve as an important stylistic device for showing some meanings such as love, affection, amazement, surprise, confidence, indifference, care, attention, fear, horror, discomfort, sorrow, mental anguish, anger and express state of protagonists of the work without using some parts of speech.

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