Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Introduction. "Zarbulmasal" is a unique example of Uzbek prose art, as well as a unique original work in terms of structure, content, language, sharpness of artistic means. A great deal of attention has been given to this work by artistic people, as it’s literary critics, originality in terms of content and ideological direction totally differs from other works. In this article, the ideological, artistic and historical features of “Zarbulmasal” are elucidated. Proverbs are one of the oldest popular genres of Uzbek folklore, which reflects the worldview, attitude to society and moral norms of the people. In this article, spiritual and idealistic features of proverbs are elucidated and salient examples from masterpieces are given. Research methods. In order to better understand how and on what basis the scientific-critical text of the work is based, it is necessary to know and consider the history of the work, the reasons for writing, and then the content, ideological direction, the main plot. It is of paramount importance to have a certain idea about the composition, language, methodological features. Results and discussions. It should be noted that the main plot of "Zarbulmasal" - the relationship of owls, the demand for thousands of cramped walls for a girl in the form of small episodes in historical sources up to Gulkhani also occurs. The work has the appearance of a collection of stories, consisting of various proverbs and stories. Based on the informations, some people say that there are more than 400 (or less) proverbs in “Zarbulmasal”. In fact, there are only about 200 folk sayings generalized here under the name of proverbs. Conclusion. In general, "Zarbulmasal" deserves special attention in terms of its ideological direction and art. It reflects the spiritual maturity of man, the ideas of self-realization with artistic sophistication. "Zarbulmasal" is a unique example of Uzbek literature as a multifaceted, interesting plot line, rich in folklore, a very popular figurative work. It reflects the recent history, national values, customs, language and traditions of permanent residents.

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