Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Introduction. The term and the definition of the boundaries of colloquialism confuses scientists and generates different opinions. Some scientists define colloquialism in a narrower sense, referring it to a stylistically reduced vocabulary, which is the opposite of the literary norm. Thus, colloquialisms include mostly substandard vocabulary, which is used mainly in limited speech by individual representatives of the population. Another group of specialists understand the term colloquialism on a wider scale, dividing it into several groups depending on the proximity or remoteness to the literary norm. Research methods. Currently, the study of colloquial speech is becoming one of the most important problems of modern linguistics. The study of colloquial speech at various linguistic levels is becoming increasingly important for a number of reasons. It becomes possible to collect and analyze material on the problems of colloquial words and expressions through the use of such methods of analysis as descriptive, systemic and structural, nominative-derivational, comparative-typological, statistical. Results and discussions. It is important to timely identify the features of the formation of colloquialisms and analyze new trends in terms of the lexical and semantic nature of colloquialisms in modern electronic and printed lexicographic sources, scientific works of foreign authors. Analysis and collection of data on colloquialisms is necessary for the timely study of their impact on the established linguistic standards. At the moment, a large number of the population use a more reduced lexis and thereby displace already established norms in phonetics, morphology, syntax, vocabulary from everyday life. This is evidenced by the numerous changes in dictionaries, their annual addition, as well as the creation of the latest dictionaries, which include colloquial words, constructions and phraseological units that are of interest in view of new evolutionary changes in the language. Conclusion. At present, the determination of the research potential of English colloquialisms is necessary for the further systematization of knowledge and experience, analysis and forecasting of the future of the informal language

First Page


Last Page



1. Belyaeva T.M., Homyakov V.A. Nestandartnaya leksika anglijskogo yazyka. – L: Izdatelstvo Leningradskogo Universiteta, 1985. – 136 s.

2. Bondarenko M.V., Fahrutdinova Yu.R. Osnovnye puti razvitiya frazeologizmov v severoamerikanskom kontinuume sovremennogo anglijskogo yazyka // Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, № 8.1, 2012. – S. 236-241.

3. Cambridge English Dictionary https://dictionary.cambridge.org/

4. Chernova M.A. Ocenochnye kollokvializmy kak sredstvo obektivacii cennostnoj kartiny mira // Omskij nauchnyj vestnik, no. 8 (45), 2006. – S. 150-153.

5. Collins English Dictionary https://www.collinsdictionary.com/

6. Kozlova E.A. Mesto substandartnogo sinonima v strukture sinonimicheskogo ryada // Vestnik Volzhskogo universiteta im. V.N. Tatisheva, №. 6, 2010. – S. 87-94.

7. Merriam-Webster English Dictionary https://www.merriam-webster.com/

8. Oxford Learners Dictionary https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/

9. Razuvaeva T.N. Slengizmy v amerikanskom variante sovremennogo anglijskogo yazyka: osobennosti obrazovaniya i funktsionirovaniya // Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki, № 12-3 (66), 2016. – S. 149-152.

10. Ryabichkina G.V. Anglijskij sleng i kent pervoj chetverti XIX veka (na primere analiza proizvedenij P. Igana).- Novosibirsk: Centr razvitiya nauchnogo sotrudnichestva, 2012. – S. 18-26

11. Ryumin R.V. i E.H. Partridzh i substandartnaya angloyazychnaya leksikografiya // Vestnik Orenburgskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, № 11 (61), 2006. – S. 197-202.

12. Salej E.V. Osobennosti razgovornoj leksiki amerikanskogo varianta anglijskogo yazyka (2010) Retrieved from http://www.rusnauka.com/2_ANR_2010/Philologia/7_53681.doc.htm

13. Semivolkova S.V. Sovremennyj anglo-russkij slovar zhivogo anglijskogo yazyka. – M.: AST, Astrel, 2010. –896 s.

14. The Free Dictionary https://www.thefreedictionary.com/

15. Urban Dictionary https://www.urbandictionary.com/

16. Uskova A.I. Stilisticheskij aspekt opisaniya argo v slovaryah anglijskogo substandarta (2015) Retrieved from https://elar.urfu.ru/bitstream/10995/33696/1/iyalvmop_2015_55.pdf

Included in

Linguistics Commons



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.