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Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

Abstract

Background. In this article, Russian will be the source language, and Uzbek will be the language of comparison. Because, despite the structural differences between the Russian and Uzbek languages, our countries have a historical experience of social, cultural, and of course, linguistic interaction. Methods. Given that the language projections of the collective unconscious, in this case the conceptual opposition "winter-summer", do not have blood and racial inheritance, but belong to humanity as a whole, we can conclude that the deep or basic cognitive layers of the concepts of winter and summer in both the Russian and Uzbek languages contain a common, integral and identical basis for all mankind. Results. Thus, we can assume that when leaving for Russia and experiencing its climatic conditions, the Uzbek people acquire other, different from the usual, psychotypes of winter and summer (spring and autumn). Russian- Russian, Russian-Uzbek) understanding of the concepts that make up the concept sphere of the seasons, which are more clearly manifested in the cognitive features of weather conditions and anomalies and seasonal clothing. Discussions. Thus, in each concept that makes up the concept sphere "Seasons" in General, and in the concepts "winter" and "Summer" in particular, it is possible to distinguish basic and national-specific content. Conclusion. The uniqueness of the concepts winter and summer in the artistic (poetic) worldview of the Russian language space and the Uzbek language space lies in the development of a number of individual author's verbal images of the seasons, which, with the availability of universal secondary education, both in Russia and in Uzbekistan, plays an important role in expanding the composition of additional cognitive features of concepts.

First Page

91

Last Page

98

DOI

10.52297/2181-1466/2020/4/6/6

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