Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Background. Relevance is due to a certain level of undevelopment of many issues related to the human factor in the language. The development of this problematic seems promising for identifying the national and cultural characteristics of English and Uzbek phraseological units, which allows us to increase our vocabulary and, therefore, enrich our speech.This article examines the semantic-pragmatic and connotatively evaluative relations of phraseological units based on animal images in English and Uzbek languages. Zoonyms imply textual roles within a specific discourse and difference in values, stereotypes and behaviour patterns in national cultures. Methods. Studying nominations of a human with a zoonym component we used descriptive and analytical, comparative, linguistic and cultural methods and techniques. We used the contrastive method to identify phraseological units based on animal images in English and Uzbek languages. According to the structure there are substantive, adjectival, verbal and adverbial phraseological units. Within the structural groups according to the semantics there are subgroups used to describe a person, his experience, status, positive and negative qualities, typical properties, emotional and physical condition, behaviour, speech, interpersonal relations etc. we try to identify evaluative connotations of the considered phraseological units. Results. Zoonyms have always been the focus of linguists’ attention as they are the core layer of the vocabulary of any national language. The aim of this paper to discover of their meaning, motivation and expressiveness in non-related languages. The article reviews scientific literature devoted to the study of zoonyms, and presents the results of their own scientific research. In an effort to characterize his behavior, feelings, states, appearance, the man resorted to comparison with what was closest to him and similar to himself - the animal world and, despite the fact that the thematic principle of classification of phraseological units is fundamental in the writings of a number of Western and Uzbek linguists, it is the classification based on their internal content that reflects various aspects of people's lives: prudent or stupid behavior, success or failure, as well as relationships between people: their lives’ impressions and feelings: approval, disapproval, friendship, hostility, quarrel, reconciliation, rivalry, treachery, condemnation, punishment. Conclusion. Names of animals (zoonyms) - one of the oldest layers of vocabulary in all languages of the world. Phraseological units are analysed in accordance with their meaning and semantic structure. A number of common and distinctive traits in the structure, semantics are elicited in this paper. Dominant images in the phraseology of English and Uzbek languages are revealed in a comparative aspect.

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