Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Background. This article presents an analysis of the inimitableness of early adolescence and the factors of development of moral awareness during puberty, as well as the methodology for determining moral qualities in students. Methods. Understanding the content of values can vary at different stages of social development and vary in proportion to the social needs of society. It is therefore very difficult to find values that are uniformly universal for different periods. But while this situation has values that are different for different periods and at the same time for different social strata, there are also universal values that are equally important for different historical periods, different cultures, different strata of the population. Results. Adolescents are found to have a sense of social duty, morality, respect for parents, friendship, brotherhood. Adolescents are identified and prevented from misbehaving in the formulation of morality. Being able to feel other people in this way is a manifestation of spiritual values such as altruism, kindness, compassion, love. These, in turn, are the basis for accepting the level of development of empathy as an indicator of the level of spiritual and moral development of the individual. Discussion. Scientific and practical recommendations for the development of spiritual and moral feelings in young people are determined by the development of criteria for determining the state of manifestation of moral feelings in young people. Conclusion. Morality is one of the best qualities of a person that a person displays among people. Morality is manifested in honest and good deeds, in putting people in the place of honor, in respecting women, in solidarity, in friendship, in pleasing parents. The role of in-class and out-of-class activities in opening and activating these good deeds is enormous.

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