Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Background. This article describes the evolution of the genre of tarkibband (poetic form with repeated refrain) in the system of lyrical genres in the national enlightenment and jadid literature, the principles of evolution of this genre, its place in the general literary process, new principles, updating the theme and ideological content, examples in the works of jadid and enlightened poets, like Abdurauf Fitrat and Saidakhmad Siddiki Ajzi, the gradual development of the content of the genre tarkibband and the traditional and innovative features of this genre are studied in a monograph in comparative typological, analytical-comparative, descriptive and critical aspects. Methods. We have seen such a situation in the works of poets of the first half of the twentieth century, mainly in the example of Ajzi's poetry. Although the language, narrative style, style and style of the poem are traditional, apparently none of the poetic images, means of artistic expression and high-meaning expressions in both verses of this tarkibband deviate from the normative requirements of classical poetics. Results. On this basis, we can say that the tradition in the poetry of the new period is in fact the same word pattern, the originality of the word and the tone, the similarity of form and pattern, but the purpose of the poem is new and different in nature, the essence of the word is jadid. Discussions. It is evident that in the poetry of enlightened poets, especially in the poems of modern poets, a series of symbolic meanings has been used extensively. We can see this in some of the items of tarkibband in the content. In this part of the tarkibband, the general state of the nation is impressively and poetically described. Conclusion. Because the works of poets of this genre are often due to the repetition of literary traditions and themes, the abstraction of imitative images, these unique masterpieces of artistic expression could not be seen in the vastness of classical poetry.

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