Introduction. Terms, metaphors, and terms in the Uzbek language have a special cognitive dimension. Metaphors are a unique tool of scientific knowledge and are one of the main and productive factors in the formation of terminological systems of various disciplines. The purpose of the article is to identify the source of the formation of terms-metaphors between terms in the Uzbek language and determine their meaning in the worldview. The study of the mechanisms of cognitive activity, heuristic and nominative possibilities, as well as linguistic and communicative features of metaphors in the semantic processes of formation and development of the rich terminology of the Uzbek language largely contributes to the rapid development of Uzbek anthropocentric linguistics. Methods. Conceptual and semantic analysis, based on the comparison method, the cross-linguistic universal nature of metaphorical nominations related to this terminology is investigated, and the corresponding conclusions are made. Results. It turns out that the term is a multi - valued, homonymous connection between metaphors-the product of conscious use of human memory resources. Metaphor terms are a way to convey the essence of a scientific concept in a simple and understandable way, so that metaphor terms are an example of conveying an idea in a concise and simple way. In the end, metaphorical nominations that convey the idea in a concise, simple form confirm this. The article also points out that metaphorical comparison is motivated to identify similarities between objects of different types or different classifications, just as metaphorical terms in a scientific text are formed by randomly determining the similarity between subjects without random selection. Based on the collected materials, it turned out that metaphorical terms are formed mainly on the basis of their attributive nature: on the basis of comparisons with everyday objects and objects related to nature. The close connection of the terminological picture of the world with the conceptual metaphor involved in the formation of the national worldview is shown. Discussion. Using the metaphorical method when forming terms means that a term created using the tool is quickly and easily accepted by the linguistic community, and the scope of meaning is somewhat clearer and easier to understand than artificially created terms. Although terms that specialize in a particular field have a General meaning, as opposed to General, commonly used words and terms, their use in scientific discourse does not restrict the participation of metaphor, but rather pure terms (primitive terms) rely on metaphorical interpretation to fully Express their meaning. The scientific metaphor is not limited to the nominative task: in scientific discourse, the metaphor serves as a means of reconciling two opposing realities. The range of interrelated transformative knowledge allows us to distinguish the anthropocentric features of the metaphor. Conclusion. Metaphors are a unique tool of scientific knowledge and are one of the main and productive factors in the formation of terminological systems of various disciplines. At the same time, the study of the mechanisms of cognitive activity, heuristic and nominative possibilities of metaphors, as well as linguistic and communicative features contributes to the rapid development of Uzbek anthropocentric linguistics.
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Makhmaraimova, Shokhista Tukhtashevna
"METAPHOR - THE CONCEPTUAL BASIS OF TERMINOLOGY AND TERMS,"
Scientific reports of Bukhara State University: Vol. 4
, Article 6.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/buxdu/vol4/iss5/6