Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Background. In the following article, the concept of makhalla, its essence, functions, the responsibilities and the duties of the elderman of the makhalla are studied from the viewpoint of historical trends. Also, there is a discourse on the types of the makhalla, the makhallas which are adjacent to the cities and their suburbs, their peculiarities, the makhallas which are based on different professions and different ethnicities, including the makhallas of the Jews, the makhallas in the steppes and desert areas, the peculiarities of their management is analysed. Materials and methods. There is a scientific hypothesis that makhallas emerged long before the state. But this hypothesis is still waiting for its researchers who need scientific investigation and study. Sources found in Sopollitepa indicate that the place where 8 families stay is the makhalla. The eight families at this residence include more than a hundred couples of families, built according to the patriarchal order. Results and Discussions. The internal rules of the makhalla, although not reflected in any official document, were strictly followed by everyone. This was an expression of respect for the majority, for their will. The creative activity of many has manifested itself in such activities as building houses, roads and bridges, and holding weddings. This will further have strengthened the social basis of the makhalla. Conclusion. It was only thanks to independence that the makhalla acquired the status of a socio-demographic, cultural-spiritual and territorial-administrative unit, clearly defined in the concept of historical and developed countries. It has become a means of linking public relations of citizens, forming a unity of traditions and customs, human, economic, legal relations between citizens of their territory.

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