Background. Lack of water supply and sanitation infrastructure in rural areas affects people’s health, welfare and living conditions, negatively impacts the rural environment, and can stall rural development and prosperity. Improving equitable and sustainable access to safe and improved water supply and sanitation in rural areas is therefore an important national development objective. This article presents to what extend the welfare level of the rural women in Uzbekistan correlates with socio-economic factors such as access to water supply and sanitation services in Uzbekistan. Methods. This article is based on comparative analysis of the gender aspects of welfare of rural women in Bukhara region. The gender aspects assessment of the water supply and sanitation sector identifies that rural women experience the unequal access to infrastructure in comparison with urban population and urban women. The utilizing of the concept of analysis based on identification of inequalities by going “beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today” demonstrates that there is no direct impact of the socio-economic factors on poverty rate of the family [1;6]. Results. The survey revealed that the poor access to affordable and reliable potable water and sanitation services negatively impact on household budget of their families and sustainable development of communities. The significant expenditures for water supply services are revealing unequal opportunities of the rural women to healthcare, education and business development. However, the results of the surveys conducted in the frame of the international projects in the rural areas of Bukhara region of Uzbekistan identified strong interconnections of the rural women’s welfare at the micro level with their access to water supply and sanitation services. The research conducted in 2019 in the Bukhara region presents what is going “beyond incomes, beyond averages and beyond today” [2;5]. Conclusion. The improvement of the water and sewerage systems in Bukhara region will positively impact on gender issues of rural women by reducing their time for housing services and taking care for family members infected by water born diseases.
1. Agriculture of Uzbekistan, State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, 2019.
2. Asian Development Bank, Uzbekistan Country Gender Assessment, Updated, 2018.
3. Book 1.1 Technical feasibility study by PIU «O’zbekkommunalloyihaqurilish», 2019.
4. Demographic State Bulletin, State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Bukhara Department, 2020.
5. Demographic State Bulletin, State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan, 2019.
6. Feasibility Study of the Design Institute, 2019 [4;59].
7. Gender, Agriculture and Rural Development in Uzbekistan, FAO, Budapest, 2019 [3;13].
8. Household Survey in Bukhara region, 2019.
9. Human Development Report 2019 Beyond income, beyond averages, beyond today: Inequalities in Human Development in the 21st century, Published for the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), USA, 2019 [1;6], [2;5].
10. JICA, Identification of gender issues in the horticulture sector in Uzbekistan, 2019.
11. L.I. Ivankina. Well-being and the problem of sustainable development of society. Tomsk Polytechnic University. Bulletin of science of Siberia. № 2 (17).
12. M.Kh. Ganieva., “Well-being of the family as one of the main tasks of the social policy of the state government”, “Sociology ukitish va sociologist tadkikotarni tashkil etching dolbzar masalalari” materials of the scientific-practical conference April 23, 2018.
13. Presidential Decree № 3808 dated 27 June 2018 "On Approving the Concept of Strengthening the Family Institute in the Republic of Uzbekistan"; the Presidential Decree of 2 July 2018, No. -3827 "On measures to improve the system of social rehabilitation and adaptation, as well as the prevention of domestic violence.
14. Presidential Decree № 4235 dated 7 March 2019 “On measures for further strengthening the warranties of the labor rights and support to women’ entrepreneurship activity”.
15. Presidential Decree № 5325 dated 2 February 2018 "On Measures to Improve Fundamentally the Activities in the Sphere of Supporting Women and Strengthening the Institution of the Family".
16. Provinces of Uzbekistan statistical bulletin, State Committee on Statistics of Uzbekistan, 2019.
17. Resolution of the President of Uzbekistan № 4296 dated 22 April 2019 “On additional measures in connection with the strengthening of guarantees of the rights of the child”.
18. Socio-economic Survey in Bukhara Province, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, 2019 .
19. State Statistics of Bukhara Regional Center of the State Sanitary Epidemiological Center, 2019.
20. Tashkent region statistical bulletin, State Committee on Statistics of Uzbekistan, 2019.
Azizova, Nodira Mannapovna and Azizova, Lobarkhon Kadirjanovna
"IMPLICATION OF INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT ON RURAL
WOMEN’S WELFARE: CASE OF UZBEKISTAN,"
Scientific reports of Bukhara State University: Vol. 4
, Article 13.
Available at: https://uzjournals.edu.uz/buxdu/vol4/iss5/13