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Scientific reports of Bukhara State University

Abstract

Background. Lack of water supply and sanitation infrastructure in rural areas affects people’s health, welfare and living conditions, negatively impacts the rural environment, and can stall rural development and prosperity. Improving equitable and sustainable access to safe and improved water supply and sanitation in rural areas is therefore an important national development objective. This article presents to what extend the welfare level of the rural women in Uzbekistan correlates with socio-economic factors such as access to water supply and sanitation services in Uzbekistan. Methods. This article is based on comparative analysis of the gender aspects of welfare of rural women in Bukhara region. The gender aspects assessment of the water supply and sanitation sector identifies that rural women experience the unequal access to infrastructure in comparison with urban population and urban women. The utilizing of the concept of analysis based on identification of inequalities by going “beyond income, beyond averages and beyond today” demonstrates that there is no direct impact of the socio-economic factors on poverty rate of the family [1;6]. Results. The survey revealed that the poor access to affordable and reliable potable water and sanitation services negatively impact on household budget of their families and sustainable development of communities. The significant expenditures for water supply services are revealing unequal opportunities of the rural women to healthcare, education and business development. However, the results of the surveys conducted in the frame of the international projects in the rural areas of Bukhara region of Uzbekistan identified strong interconnections of the rural women’s welfare at the micro level with their access to water supply and sanitation services. The research conducted in 2019 in the Bukhara region presents what is going “beyond incomes, beyond averages and beyond today” [2;5]. Conclusion. The improvement of the water and sewerage systems in Bukhara region will positively impact on gender issues of rural women by reducing their time for housing services and taking care for family members infected by water born diseases.

First Page

252

Last Page

259

References

1. Agriculture of Uzbekistan, State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Tashkent, 2019.

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