Scientific reports of Bukhara State University


Introduction. In theEmirate of Bukhara in the late XIX - early XX centuries, although the natural and exact sciences fell to the second level, the social sciences, including history, literature, philosophy, mysticism, developed significantly. Historians Ahmad Donish (1827-1897), Mirzo Somi (1838-1907), Mirzo Salimbek (1850-1930), Sadr Ziyo (1867-1931), Tamkin Bukhari, Abdulazim Shar'i (1839-1893), Mir Rare works on history have been created by Siddiq Hashmat, Muhammad Ikram Abdulsalam, Nosiriddin Tora. Research methods. The influence of reformist ideas in the emirate had a profound effect on the development of local historiography as well as on political and cultural life. Historians began to study not only the history of their own countries, but also the history of the peoples of the world. In particular, interest in the history of India, Iran, Turkey and Japan has increased. Along with the official chronicles of the palace, the increase in the number of works in the historical-literary, historical-geographical, memoir, biographical genres testifies to the expansion of the scope of historiography. Results . Historians did not limit themselves to a description of events, but began to look for the causes of their country's backwardness and ways to overcome it. Some of the court historians were recognized by the emir with their works, while others were removed from their posts for criticizing the emirate’s regime. It should be noted that both types of works have survived to the present day. Discussions. Scholars have written a number of books in these areas. These books were widely used in the teaching process in madrassas. Books written by palace historians, after being examined by a special commission, were copied in large numbers and placed in madrassah libraries and reading rooms. Students had access to these books and had knowledge of the history of their home country and foreign countries. History books were bought and sold in book markets in the central cities of the Bukhara Emirate. Conclusion.This article provides information and analyzes the historical significance of the works of historians Ahmad Donish, Mirzo Somi, Mirzo Salimbek, Sadr Ziyo, Tamkin Bukhari, Abdulazim Shari, Mir Siddiq Hashmat, Nosiriddin Tora. These works, which serve to study the history of Central Asia from ancient times to the early twentieth century, serve to deny the biased aspects of the history of Uzbekistan, written on the basis of Soviet ideology, and to fill the gaps in our history of this period.

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