Technical science and innovation


In this article, we investigated the polycondensation reaction of cube wastes from the Shurtan gas-chemical complex with furfural as a function of reaction temperature, catalyst existence and concentration, starting substance ratio, and other factors. This research resulted in the creation of a new polymer that was used as a polymer matrix for the introduction of ionogenic groups. The composition of cubic waste (CW) from the Shurtan Gas Chemical Complex (SGCC) has been determined by chromatographic analysis. A mixture of CW-1 and CW-2 in equal weight ratios was used to produce the polymer (this mixture will hereinafter be referred to simply as CW). The effect of reaction temperature, catalyst type and concentration, and CW/furfural ratio on the polycondensation process was studied. The use of a polymer collected under ideal conditions as a polymer matrix for the introduction of ionogenic groups was possible. The effect of reaction temperature, concentration and nature of the catalyst and the ratio of the starting substances was investigated in order to establish the optimum conditions for polymer synthesis. The polycondensation reaction of furfural with CW was carried out at 70С, 80С, 90С, weight ratio of furfural to CW was 1÷1,5 in the presence of catalyst HCl in an amount of 5% by weight of starting substances. The optimum polycondensation temperature is 70-80С, at which a cationite with a high exchange capacity is obtained in a relatively short reaction time of polycondensation. Temperature 80С there is a linear increase in the reaction rate constant with the concentration of the catalyst HCl in the reaction mixture It is shown that the concentration of the catalyst accelerates the polycondensation process n leads to a polymer with high cross-linking density and low swell ability. The optimal concentration of HCl in the starting materials is 5% by weight. A uniform reaction is ensured at this HCl catalyst concentration, resulting in cationite with adequate physical and chemical properties.

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