Technical science and innovation


The article provides information about the loss of hydrocarbons, as well as economic and environmental problems, and fuel energy is a necessary factor in saving resources. The analysis of losses in the current state of technological processes of transportation and storage of hydrocarbons is presented. Detailed information is provided on the role and functions of collars and gas stations, the type of petroleum products stored in them. The article provides information on the physical and chemical properties of pure petroleum products. It also provides analytical information on the amount of product lost during evaporation of gasoline products. It is shown that the parameters of gasoline products change with increasing temperature. The composition of petroleum product vapors during storage is indicated in the gas station, and it is shown that the loss of products by these vapors causes environmental problems. In petrol stations, petroleum products are represented by their technological parameters and their values from the point of view of fire danger. The concentration values between the lower and upper limits of explosion hazard are indicated in the range from 0.76 to 8.4% for gasoline products, for kerosene products - from 1.4 to 7.5%. All technical parameters of AI-80 gasoline fuel are analyzed. There are analyses of the amount of product lost during evaporation when filling gasoline in cars. As a result of the analysis, with an increase in the boiling point of the fractions, the difference in the mass of the molecules also increases, the molecules become heavier. For the lightest oil products, the fractionation properties of fractionated substances are described, and the properties of the compound according to the physical parameters of pentane C5H12 are analyzed. The preservation of gasoline joints is an urgent problem and the methods currently used to eliminate them are presented. A new technology for capturing hydrocarbon vapors using a thin condenser for capturing petroleum vapors was also proposed. The advantages of the technology of absorption and separation of steam-air mixture based on the technology of absorption and separation in the process of filling and storage of petroleum products are presented for gas stations. As a result of the conducted studies, it is shown that the amount of hydrocarbons in the form of a vapor-air mixture depends on the temperature. The amount of oil product vapor released into the environment by bears is 0.09 ... It is proved that the ratio of 0.12% is based on the results obtained.

First Page


Last Page





  1. Yu.N. Bezborodov, O.N. Petrov, A.N. Sokolnikov, A.L. Feldman. Technological equipment for gas stations and oil depots. At 2 o'clock, Part 2. Equipment for storage, reception and delivery of oil products at oil depots and gas stations: textbook. allowance/ - Krasnoyarsk: Sib. Feder. un-t, 2015 - 172 p.
  2. F.A. Davletyarov, E.I. Zorya, D.V. Tsagareli. Oil product supply. Edited by Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor D.V. Tsagareli. M.: ITs "Mathematics", 1998.-662.
  3. Khanukhov Kh.M. Ensuring environmental safety during the operation of tanks for oil and oil products / Scientific. Inf. collection. Transportation and storage of petroleum products. 2003.- No. 10-С.8-12.
  4. Rosenstein IM Accidents and reliability of steel tanks. M.: Nedra, 1995-253 p.
  5. Khabibullaev S.Sh. Determination of explosive concentrations of petroleum products Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Uzbekistan. No. 1, 2015
  6. Khabibullaev S.Sh. Pontoon for reservoir oil storage tank. European applied sciences №5 2015 (Germany).
  7. Khabibullaev S.Sh., Ahrorov В.В., Muhamedgaliev В.А. A new pontoon for reservoir oil storage tank Austrian Journal of Technical and natural Sciences 7,8 -2015 (Austria).
  8. Khabibullaev S.Sh., Ahrorov В.В., Muhamedgaliev В.А., Allamurodov M.U. Synthesis and properties of the phosphonium polymers. Austrian Journal of Technical and natural Sciences 7,8-2015 (Austria).
  9. Larionov V.I. Assessment and security of hydrocarbon storage and transportation facilities. - SPB.: OOO "Nedra", 2004. -190 p.
  10. Gafarov R.Kh., Sharafiev R.G., Rizvanov R.G. Brief reference book of engineer-mechanic-Ufa: USPTU, 1995-С. 11-12.
  11. Imomoto K. Complex Multiphase Equilibrium Calculations by Direct Minimization of Gibbs Free Energy by Use of Simulated Annealing // SPE Reservoir Evaluation & Engineering, February 1998, pp. 36-42.
  12. Zorya E.I., Orexova I.V., Cherezova A.S. Comparative analysis of methods for calculating the loss of light fractions of hydrocarbons from storage tanks. Industrial service No. 3 2017. Russia.
  13. Erdashev K.E. Petroleum products and the environment / Erdashev K.E., ed. Musaev M.N. - Tashkent: Publishing house of the National library. Uzbekistan named after Alishera Navoi, 2013 - 158 pp.
  14. Shalai V.V. Sh18 Design and operation of tank farms and gas stations: textbook. allowance / Shalai V.V., Makushev Yu.P. - Omsk: Publishing house of OmSTU, 2010 - 296 p.
  15. Varnakova E.A. Abstract. Improving the technology of refueling vehicles. Moscow -2016.
  16. Korshak A., Kulagin A. Capture of gasoline vapors when it is taken into the tanks of a gas station. Ufa state petroleum technical University. Oil and gas business, 2003.
  17. Mezentsev, B.L. Equipment of oil depots and gas stations, Methodical instructions, Stavropol-2015.
  18. Ergashev K. E. Oil products and the environment / Ergashev K.E. ed. Musaev M.N. - Tashkent: And ZD-vo Nonnoy b-Ki Uzbekistan them. Alishera Navoi, 2013. - 158 p.
  19. Kovalenko P.V., Klebanova M.N. Design and operation of oil depots and oil storage facilities: textbook-method. complex for students. spec. 1-70 05 01 "Design, construction and operation of gas and oil pipelines and gas and oil storage facilities". In 2 CH. CH. 2/comp.; under the General editorship of P. V. Kovalenko. Of nawapa-lock for: PSU, 2006. - 344 p.
  20. Volgushev A.N. Gas stations. training manualtextbook St. Petersburg: DNA, 2001.-176 p.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.