•  
  •  
 

Technical science and innovation

Abstract

The article describes the results of research on the selection of working body types for strip tillage of soil. Information on the advantages of the technology of minimal soil tillage (Strip-Till) is presented. The data obtained as a result of experimental studies to determine soil moisture and hardness, as well as the quality of soil tilling by the recommended working bodies, are presented. The arrangement schemes of working bodies for the considered technology have been drawn up. The general concept of the development of a combined aggregate on energy-resource-water-saving technologies for the cultivation of crops in permanent furrows and in row spacing ridges was selected. The aggregate is based on the SMX-4-01 domestic pneumatic planter and the front of the KXU-4B cotton cultivator and is aggregated with a class 1.4 grade universal row-crop tractor. It is noted that the most acceptable combination of working bodies for soil strip tillage is combination of working bodies consisting of 3 flat cutting discs and lancet chisel, which ensure the required quality of soil crushing and uniformity of tillage depth, as well as the width of the tilled strip and the flatness of the tilled surface, and prevent the working bodies from clogging with plant remains and soil. For the normal operation of the seed planting working bodies, the width of the tilling soil strip should not be less than the width of the planter openers. Further research was aimed at substantiating the main parameters of working bodies and the parametres are as follows: the diameter of the cutting discs, which prevents the working bodies from clogging with plant remains and soil, the coordinates of their location, the angle of installation of the lancet chisel, the distance between the cutting discs and the lancet chisel, the tilling depth, the working width, the total resistance of the aggregate, and the movement speed of the aggregate.

First Page

270

Last Page

277

DOI

https://doi.org/10.51346/tstu-01.21.1-77-0113

References

[1]. Kassam A.; Fridrih Т.; Derpsh R. The global spread of conservation agriculture.Int. J. Environ. Stud. 2019, 76 , P. 29–51. [ Google Scholar ] [ CrossRef

[2]. Mukhambetov, B.a,and others, Studying the effect of preplanting tillage on the germination and forage productivity of Kochia prostrate in the northern desert of Kazakhstan, IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental ScienceVolume 315, Issue 5, 23 August 2019, Article number 052037International Scientific Conference on Agribusiness, Environmental Engineering and Biotechnologies, AGRITECH 2019; Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian UniversityKrasnoyarsk; Russian Federation; 20 June 2019 до 22 June 2019; Код 15207

[3]. John Nowatzki,and others, Strip Till for Field Crop Production , Agricultural Machine Systems, NDSU, Extension Service (AE1370, Revised June 2017)

[4]. Iwona Jaskulska, Dariusz Jaskulski. Strip-Till One-Pass Technology in Central and Eastern Europe: A MZURI Pro-Til Hybrid Machine Case Study. Agronomy 2020, 10(7), 925; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070925

[5]. Kertesz, A.; Мадараш, Б. Conservation agriculture in Europe. Int. Soil protection. Res. 2014, 2 , P.91–96. [ Google Scholar ] [ CrossRef ]

[6]. Alimova F. A.1, Primkulov B.Sh 2, Investigations of Technologial Proccess Work of the Energy-Saving Combination Aggregate For Re-Sowing The Seeds, International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, Vol. 29, No. 9s, (2020), pp. 5770-5779

[7]. Tests of agricultural machinery. Machines and implements for surface tillage. Test program and methods. Tst 63.04: 2001 // Official edition. - Tashkent, 2001–P.54.

[8]. GОSТ 20915-11, Agricultural machinery tests. Methods for determining conditional tests. –Moscow: Standartinform 2013.–P.23.

[9]. Agricultural machinery. Methods for determining the conditions of meals. GOST, 20915-75. -М.: 1985, -P.34.

[10]. DeJong-Hughes, J., and J. Vetsch. (2007) On-farm comparison of conservation tillage

systems for corn following soybeans. University of Minnesota Extension Publication BU-08483.

[11]. Armor " Survey of the project “Development of energy-resource-water-saving technology for cultivating crops on permanent ridges and ridges and drums and engineeping a combined aggregate for their implementation” Research Institute IMEA. Gulbakhor. 2014 y. P.167 (in Russian)

[12]. Hasanova F.M., Karabayev I.T. The influence of agricultural technology of soil cultivation on the productivity of repeated crops. Monograph. - T. Navruz typography. 2018y. P.104 - 106. (in Uzbek).

[13]. Kalimbetov, B.a,Tukhtakuziyev, A.b, Environment analysis of using the ripper tooth of combined unit for minimum tillage, EurAsian Journal of BioSciencesVolume 13, Issue 1, January-July 2019, P. 451-457.

[14]. Awale, R.; Chatterjee, A.; Franzen, D. Tillage and N-fertilizer influences on selected organic carbon fractions in a North Dakota silty clay soil. Soil Tillage Res. 2013, 134, 213–222. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef].

[15]. Schneider, O.; Roger-Estrade, J.; Aubertot, J.; Dore, T. Effect of seeders and tillage equipment on vertical distribution of oilseed rape stubble. Soil Tillage Res. 2006, 85, 115–122. [Google Scholar] [CrossRef].

Share

COinS
 
 

To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.