Technical science and innovation


The task of determining specific electricity consumption is complex, as it is necessary to take into account a large number of factors affecting the energy indicators that determine the level of these indicators. At the same time, the type and technical condition of the main and auxiliary process equipment in the process of melting, the nomenclature of metal, the volume of consumed components of the process and secondary energy carriers (compressed air, nitrogen, oxygen and other auxiliary components), etc. are taken into account. The error in taking these factors into account may lead to deviations from the actual values of the predicted power consumption, as well as energy indicators. The energy intensity of products and the level of energy consumption also depends on changes in the structure of energy consumption, the latter depending on the need for such process components as compressed air, oxygen, nitrogen, etc. The article considers the results of the analysis of energy indicators of enterprises of ferrous metallurgy, in particular, electrosmelting shop by types of output products on the basis of decomposition scheme. It is shown that the set task is solved by means of construction of dependences of normative energy characteristics on the volume of output products, and also the final decomposition tree is formed - the tree of tasks designed to achieve solutions of energy problems, including the main one - to obtain the value of specific energy consumption. In addition, the article presents the method of determining the share of participation of auxiliary components of the technological process for example of compressed air, nitrogen and oxygen. At calculations the account of the above-stated components gives the chance to define more precisely specific expense of the electric power.


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