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Bulletin of the Agrarian Science of Uzbekistan

Abstract

It is known that walnuts, apricots, peaches, cherries, plums and other fruits are grown in our republic for consuming, and their kernals contein upto 60% of oil which is used by perfumery and pharmaceutical industries. The cracking of fruit kernals on the industrial basis absent in the scientific literature, and at the present time this work fulfilled mainly by hand. At the same time a number of process mechanization devices of fared, but they are not yet in production because of certain shortcomings in their structures. The mechanism for cracking of apricot and almond has been proposed, the shells of their kernals have different shapes and physical, mechanical attributes, the cracking of of kernels takes place by the maintaining of unbroken nucleus.

First Page

66

Last Page

68

References

1. Device for breaking the shell of a bone Kurilenko NI, Nevzorov VN, Golubev IV Patent for invention RUS 2339280 05.21.2007 2. Khaidarov E.A., Malikov R.Kh., Yunusov B.A., Raupov T. Device for cracking the shells of fruit seeds to extract kernels from them. Utility Model Patent. No. FAP 20080066 dated 06/05/2008 3. A device for cracking an apricot kernel shell Byshov NV, Borychev SN, Byshov DN, Lipina TV, Topilin VP, Lipin VD, Staforkin NS Patent for utility model RUS 164601 04/11/2016 4. B. Yunusov, A. Mardonov. Kinematic and dynamic parameters of the modernized device for chopping stones, (article in Uzbek). Zhurn. "Agro - ilm", No. 4 [36]. Tashkent: .2015, 91s. 5. Oripov R., Sulaimanov I., UmurzaқovE. ҚISHloқ khzhalik masulotlarini saқlash wa kaita ishlash tekhnologi. T., Menat, 1991, 45s. 6. Lesin A.D. The main directions in the development of vibration shredders and some issues of their calculation. In the book: Vibration technology. Materials of scientific and technical. conf. M .: 1966, S.453-460. 7. Reznik N.E. Theory of blade cutting and the basics of calculating cutting devices. M .: “Mashinostroenie", 1975. 8. Abilzhanov T. Fundamentals of the development of machines for cooking. Almaty, 2012 -180 p.

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